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Summary of the 2020 Food Security Crisis and Implications for Humanitarian and Development Assistance (Inglés)

The food security situation in Yemen significantly deteriorated during 2020 and has reached crisis levels. According to the latest Integrated Food Insecurity Phase Classification (IPC) released in December 2020, 16.2million Yemeni are expected to face acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) between January and June 2021; 47,000 of these people will likely be facing catastrophic outcomes (IPC Phase 5). The share of the population facing acute food insecurity is like that reported in the last IPC released during the 2018 currency crisis, arguably the closest the population has come to famine during the conflict (IPC 2018; OCHA 2019). However, many of the aggravating factors cited in the 2020 IPC have not yet resolved and are worsening, which suggests that the food security situation might become more dire in the coming year in the absence of a sustained policy response by stakeholders. The joint WFP-WB analysis was primarily intended to identify how food access has changed in the past year rather than fully characterizing the food security challenges facing the country. Our findings suggest that Yemen is in desperate need of more immediate humanitarian assistance in the short term, while in the longer term stakeholders need to address key drivers of the worsening food security situation. Unfortunately, the conflict and the divisions across the country both complicate the provision of sufficient humanitarian assistance and limit the ability of authorities to address key drivers of food insecurity across the entire country. The authors consider these limitations in offering policy implications based on the analysis. Ultimately, only resolution of the conflict in Yemen can address many of the issues causing the food security crisis.

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