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Mexico : Overview of Tobacco Use, Tobacco Control Legislation, and Taxation (Inglés)

The country brief presents an overview of current tobacco control legislation, use, and taxation policy in Mexico. Data and information were collected from different sources. The brief is intended to serve as the context for complementary assessments on different aspects of tobacco taxation in the country to be shared with government teams and other national and international stakeholders. Mexico is a party of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, and its legislation contains several effective measures aimed to curb the tobacco epidemic. There is a growing consensus in the country about the need for the government to strengthen tobacco control to protect the population from health risks associated with tobacco use. The prevalence of current smoking in Mexico among adults (aged 18-69 years old) is about 20 percent. The smoking prevalence among adults in Mexico decreased in 2006-2011 but was rather stable further on. The prevalence of current smoking among adolescents aged 12-17 years increased in 2002-2008 to 11.5 percent in 2008, and then it sharply decreased to 6.5 percent in 2011 and slowly declined to 4.9 percent in 2016. Several tobacco tax increases in Mexico were implemented in 2007-2011. Such taxation policy made cigarettes less affordable and, in combination with other tobacco control policies, reduced tobacco consumption in the country by about 30 percent. Tobacco tax rates in Mexico have not been changed since January 2011. The main factor behind "freezing" tobacco taxes is a public perception that tobacco tax increase of January 2011 was a failure. This perception is strongly supported by the tobacco industry. As the tobacco tax rates were not changed in 2012-2018, cigarette became more affordable, and tobacco consumption increased, while the real governmental revenue did not grow. It is recommended to increase the tobacco excise rates in Mexico annually to ensure tobacco affordability reduction. Priority should be given to the specific cigarette excise tax increase as it occurred to be the most effective tool for the observed reduction in tobacco consumption in Mexico. Tobacco use surveillance and monitoring should be further developed in Mexico, including regular monitoring of cigarette prices and other economic indicators. Effective policies to counteract tobacco smuggling and other kinds of illicit tobacco sales should be implemented in line with the provisions of the FCTC Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products, which is recommended to be ratified by the country. Effective collaboration with tobacco control entities in the neighboring US states should be developed to estimate real volumes of cigarette smuggling from Mexico to the USA.


  • Autor

    Marquez,Patricio V., Krasovsky, Konstantin, Andreeva,Tatiana

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    Todo el mundo,

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  • Nom. del doc.

    Mexico : Overview of Tobacco Use, Tobacco Control Legislation, and Taxation

  • Palabras clave

    tobacco control legislation; average retail price; exposure to tobacco smoke; tobacco industry; cigarette smuggling; tobacco tax rates; reduced tobacco consumption; tobacco control policy; cigarette price; effect of price; tobacco excise rates; tobacco tax increases; ad valorem tax; smoking in public; cigarette sale; international tobacco companies; national health survey; illicit cigarette trade; constant local currency; middle school student; tobacco product packaging; cigarette tax rates; consumer price index; cigarette excise taxes; collection of information; reducing tobacco consumption; global tobacco epidemic; price of cigarette; illicit trade; cigarette consumption; Tobacco Taxation; excise revenue; cigarette smoke; smoking prevalence; taxation policy; public place; health warning; tobacco advertising; tobacco company; government revenue; tobacco package; adult smokers; smuggled cigarettes; annual sale; federal level; cultivated area; taxation reform; public health; international stakeholders; tobacco smuggling; public perception; tobacco growing; Cigarette Use; cigarette brands; effective policies; average price; economic recession; tobacco sales; tax hike; longitudinal study; illegal drug; industry estimates; female adolescents; average age; representative survey; legal market; market reach; cigarette packs; tobacco market; contraband cigarettes; vat rate; addictive substance; collected information; household survey; manufacturing sector; demand function; pay taxes; domestic production; additional revenue; special tax; increased revenue; federal tax; congressional resolution; customs regulation; border cities; cigarette smoker; special treatment; legal trade; raw tobacco; product market; adult male; net import; national production; female adult; health objectives; smoking exposure; smoking ban; smoke-free policy; smoking areas; pricing policy; high share; total tax; monetary term; annual revenue; young people; tax policy; price policy; federal agency; fiscal term; tax payment; regular monitoring; quantitative analysis; fact sheet; national survey; border state; brand preference; tobacco surveillance; baltic countries; personal communication; vending machines; government authority; small packet; Research Publications; methodological problems; trade show; real share; affordability index; income proxy; tobacco sponsorship; smokeless tobacco; primary purpose; graphic image; health hazard; Smoking Cessation



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