The global burden of disease : generating evidence, guiding policy - sub-Saharan Africa regional edition : La charge mondiale de la morbidité : génération de données factuelles, orientation des politiques édition régionale pour lAfrique Subsaharienne (Francés)
Abstracto en inglés
This report is based on seven papers for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 published in The Lancet (December 13, 2010; 380). This publication summarizes the global GBD 2010 findings and highlights the regional findings for sub-Saharan Africa. It... Vea más +
This report is based on seven papers for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 published in The Lancet (December 13, 2010; 380). This publication summarizes the global GBD 2010 findings and highlights the regional findings for sub-Saharan Africa. It also explores intraregional differences in diseases, injuries, and risk factors. The overall findings for the region are the following: 1) the sub-Saharan Africa region has made overall progress in reducing mortality and prolonging life since 1970; however, some countries showed elevated rates of death within certain age groups and for sexes, between 1990 and 2010; 2) Over the last 20 years, the region has succeeded in decreasing premature death and disability from some communicable, newborn, nutritional, and maternal causes, especially from diarrheal diseases and lower respiratory infections; 3) Although their relative burdens have declined, communicable, newborn, nutritional, and maternal causes such as diarrheal diseases, lower respiratory infections, and protein-energy malnutrition remained the top drivers of health loss in most sub-Saharan Africa countries, especially in lower-income countries like Niger and Sierra Leone; 4) Between 1990 and 2010, disease burden from many non-communicable causes increased, particularly stroke, depression, diabetes, and ischemic heart disease among upper-middle-income countries in the region; 5) As many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have become more developed, road injuries have taken a growing toll on human health; 6) In most of sub-Saharan Africa, a larger percentage of healthy years were lost due to disability in 2010 compared to 1990; 7) Undernutrition and household air pollution were among the leading risk factors for premature death and disability in sub-Saharan Africa; and 8) Alcohol use, high blood pressure, and smoking were also top contributors to health loss in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa.
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